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Historical past and controversy surrounding US jail

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Historical past and controversy surrounding US jail

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The army jail, which was established on 11 January 2002 and nonetheless holds 39 inmates, is notorious for finishing up torture and has been referred to as ‘nationwide shame’

Twenty years in the past to this date, the USA opened Guantánamo Bay detention camp, a detention centre run by its Navy to accommodate the primary inmates from America’s ‘warfare on terror’.

Gitmo, as many name it at the moment, is positioned on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in southeastern Cuba.

We have a look on the historical past and the controversy surrounding this detention centre.

Historical past of Gitmo

Within the months after the USA launched the warfare on terror, its response to the 11 September 2001 assaults that killed practically 3,000 individuals, the administration of George W Bush rounded up nearly 800 terror suspects.

Because the Nationwide experiences, the US wanted a spot to maintain them away from prying eyes and out of doors of the US, so they’d not be entitled to the rights afforded by the US justice system. Whereas a number of areas have been thought-about, the US settled on Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

The 117-square-kilometre base had ample area and was not technically a part of the US, however reasonably an “island outdoors the regulation”.

Torture utilized in Gitmo

Since being established in 2001, the Guantánamo Bay detention camp has been condemned for mistreatment, abuse and torture by the hands of CIA interrogators and guards.

The camp has been repeatedly condemned by worldwide human rights and humanitarian organisations — together with Amnesty Worldwide, Human Rights Watch, and the Worldwide Committee of the Crimson Cross — s nicely as by the European Union and the Organisation of American States (OAS), for alleged human rights violations, together with the usage of numerous types of torture throughout interrogations.

Guantnamo Bay detention camp marks 20 years History and controversy surrounding US prison

File picture of detainees from Afghanistan of their cells at Camp X-Ray on the Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. AP

In October 2021, a Guantanamo Bay prisoner described for the primary time the sort of torture he confronted whereas he was saved there.

Majid Khan, a former resident of the Baltimore suburbs who turned an Al-Qaeda courier, spoke of being suspended bare from a ceiling beam for lengthy intervals, doused repeatedly with ice water to maintain him awake for days. He described having his head held underwater to the purpose of near-drowning, solely to have water poured into his nostril and mouth when the interrogators let him up.

He was crushed, given pressured enemas, sexually assaulted and starved in abroad prisons whose areas weren’t disclosed.

“I might beg them to cease and swear to them that I did not know something,” he was quoted as saying.

And his was not a solitary story.

Time and time once more, activists slammed the actions that have been being carried out behind bars.

“The Guantanamo Bay army jail is a catastrophic authorized, ethical and moral failure,” stated Hina Shamsi, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Nationwide Safety Undertaking, in regards to the jail’s birthday.

“It’s a international image of American injustice, torture, and abuse of energy.

“It’s a nationwide shame that our authorities has for 20 years indefinitely detained Muslim males at Guantanamo, and persists with unconstitutional and secretive army trials.

“All over the world, Guantánamo stays {one of the most} enduring symbols of the injustice, abuse, and disrespect for the rule of regulation that the US unleashed in response to the 9/11 assaults,” stated Letta Tayler, an affiliate Disaster and Battle director at Human Rights Watch.

A dozen impartial UN rights specialists, in line with an AFP report, have voiced their outrage that the army jail in Cuba remains to be working.

They describe it as a web site of “unparallelled notoriety” and a “stain” on Washington’s acknowledged dedication to the rule of regulation.

“Twenty years of practising arbitrary detention with out trial accompanied by torture or ill-treatment is solely unacceptable for any authorities, significantly a authorities which has a acknowledged declare to defending human rights,” they stated in a press release.

Does the jail nonetheless maintain inmates?

As soon as holding practically 800 individuals, Guantanamo Bay jail nonetheless holds 39 males, a few of them from the very first months after it opened.

President George W Bush launched greater than 500 and Obama freed 197 earlier than time ran out on his effort to whittle down the inhabitants.

Guantnamo Bay detention camp marks 20 years History and controversy surrounding US prison

File picture of a military captain outdoors unoccupied detainee cells inside Camp 6 on the Guantanamo Bay. AP

Of them, 13 have been cleared for switch — although discovering a spot to ship them to, or making preparations for his or her repatriation to their residence nations, has confirmed a really sluggish course of.

Fourteen others are searching for to be launched; 10 are within the technique of standing trial or are ready to face trial; and two others have been convicted.

A lot of these remaining have been subjected to torture by CIA interrogators within the first years of the post-9/11 detention program.

The accused mastermind of the 9/11 assaults, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, is at current held over there.

Price to run Gitmo

As per reported info, it prices the US authorities $540 million a yr to function the detention centre.

Biden to close Gitmo?

Pentagon Spokesman John Kirby stated on Monday that President Joe Biden wished to shut the Guantanamo jail, although it stays a deeply contentious political situation.

“I’ll inform you the administration stays devoted to closing the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay,” Kirby advised reporters.

“We’re in a evaluate proper now about the best way ahead,” he stated, a course of that includes the White Home, the US army, the Justice Division, the State Division and different businesses.

With inputs from businesses

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